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Dividend Yield

A ratio that shows dividend payments relative to stock price.

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Dividend yield is a financial metric that measures how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its stock price. It is expressed as a percentage and is calculated by dividing the annual dividends paid per share by the price per share. It is an important indicator for income-seeking investors as it shows the potential earnings on an investment relative to its current price. However, a high dividend yield can sometimes be misleading if the stock price is falling due to company troubles; hence, it should be evaluated in the context of the company's overall financial health and stability.

Context of Use:

Dividend Yield is commonly used by investors to compare the relative attractiveness of different dividend-paying stocks. It helps assess which stocks provide higher returns through dividends and is particularly important for income-focused investment strategies.


The purpose of calculating the dividend yield is to provide investors with a clear metric to gauge the income-generating potential of their stock investments relative to the market price of the shares. This helps in making informed decisions about which stocks might offer the best value for dividend returns.


If a company’s stock is currently priced at $100 per share and it pays annual dividends of $3 per share, the dividend yield would be 3% ($3 / $100). This means that for every dollar invested in the stock, an investor would receive 3 cents annually in dividends.

Related Terms:

Dividends: Payments made by a corporation to its shareholders out of its profits or reserves.
Payout Ratio: The proportion of earnings a company pays to its shareholders in the form of dividends.
Yield on Cost: The annual dividend rate divided by the price originally paid for the stock.
Capital Gains: The increase in value of an asset or investment over its purchase price.
Income Stocks: Stocks that primarily deliver returns to shareholders through dividends.


How is dividend yield calculated?
A: Dividend yield is calculated by dividing the annual dividends per share by the current market price per share of the stock, then multiplying by 100 to convert it to a percentage.

What is a good dividend yield?
A: A "good" dividend yield varies by market conditions, industry, and the specific investment strategy of the investor. Generally, a yield that is higher than the average market or sector yield, without indicating excessive risk, might be considered good.

Can the dividend yield change?
A: Yes, the dividend yield can change as it is affected by changes in the dividend amount and the stock price. If dividends increase or the stock price decreases, the yield will rise, and vice versa.

Why is dividend yield important to investors?
A: Dividend yield is important as it indicates how much cash flow an investor is getting for each dollar invested in the stock, making it a key indicator for income-generating investments.

Do all companies offer a dividend yield?
A: No, not all companies pay dividends. Startups and high-growth companies often reinvest profits back into the business rather than paying dividends, thus they may not offer a dividend yield.

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