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IPO (Initial Public Offering)

The process of offering shares of a private company to the public for the first time.

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An IPO is a significant financial event in which a privately held company becomes publicly traded by offering its shares for sale to the general public. The process involves underwriters, regulatory requirements for disclosures, and often leads to an influx of capital that can be used to fund growth, pay off debt, or facilitate exits for early investors. The IPO process is a complex and expensive one, involving various stakeholders, including investment banks, lawyers, accountants, and regulatory bodies. It gives the company access to a large pool of potential investors which can provide substantial liquidity and the opportunity for the original owners and early investors to realize significant returns on their investment. However, it also brings greater scrutiny and the need for transparency and adherence to regulatory standards.
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